Frederick I Barbarossa

   Successor to Conrad III (q.v.) as king of Germany (q.v.) from 1152-1190; crowned western emperor in 1155. Frederick competed with Manuel I Komnenos (q.v.) for control over Italy and Hungary (qq.v.). Manuel I's invasion of southern Italy in 1155 failed in the face of stiff resistance by Norman king William I of Sicily (qq.v.). In 1158 Manuel I withdrew from Italy, signing a treaty with William I that recognized Frederick I as their mutual enemy. At this point, all Manuel could do was to try to keep Frederick I from annexing all ofItaly. However, Frederick's intervention in northern Italy became a quagmire that ended in his defeat by the league of Lombard towns at the battle of Legnano on 29 May 1176. Frederick also attempted to control Hungary (q.v.), but Manuel I countered in 1163 by betrothing his daughter Maria to Bela III (q.v.), who was given the Greek name Alexios. Frederick's relations with Byzantium (q.v.) deteriorated further during the Third Crusade, when Isaac II (qq.v.) made a treaty with Saladin (q.v.) to impede Frederick's army once it entered Byzantine territory. Frederick occupied Philoppopolis, then Adrianople (qq.v.), forcing Isaac II to cave in and transport Frederick and his troops to Asia Minor (q.v.). There, in Isauria (q.v.), Frederick drowned while crossing a stream.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frederick I (Barbarossa) — • German King and Roman Emperor (1123 1190) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick I (Barbarossa) — (c. 1122–90)    Monarch.    Frederick was the nephew of Emperor Conrad III and was elected King of Germany in 1152 on his uncle’s death. He was anxious to restore the rights of the German monarchy and, to this end, he issued a proclamation of… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor — Frederick I Barbarossa [Meaning Redbeard .] (1122 ndash; 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March, crowned King of Italy at Pavia in 1154, and finally crowned Holy Roman Emperor by… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick I —     Frederick I (Barbarossa)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Frederick I (Barbarossa)     German King and Roman Emperor, son of Frederick of Swabia (d. 1147) and Judith, daughter of Henry the Black; born c. 1123; died 10 June, 1190. Connected… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick II, Duke of Swabia — Frederick II (1090 ndash; 6 April 1147), called the One Eyed, was the second Hohenstaufen duke of Swabia from 1105. He was the eldest son of Frederick I and Agnes. He succeeded his father in 1105. In 1121 he married Judith of Bavaria, a member of …   Wikipedia

  • Barbarossa — (Italian: Red Beard ) may refer to:* Barbarossa, nickname of three famous people in history: ** Frederick I (Barbarossa) (1122 1190) ** Barbarossa I (c. 1474 1518), an Ottoman Turkish privateer and Bey of Algiers ** Barbarossa (Ottoman admiral)… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia — Frederick VI of Hohenstaufen (1167 ndash; January 20 1191) was duke of Swabia from 1170 to his death at the siege of Acre. He was the third son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy and brother of Henry VI, Holy Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick V, Duke of Swabia — Frederick V of Hohenstaufen (1164 ndash; 1170) was duke of Swabia from 1167 to his death. He was the eldest son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of also*Dukes of Swabia family tree …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick II — 1. See Frederick I (def. 2). 2. ( Frederick the Great ) 1712 86, king of Prussia 1740 86 (son of Frederick William I). * * * I German Friedrich known as Frederick the Great born Jan. 24, 1712, Berlin died Aug. 17, 1786, Potsdam, near Berlin King… …   Universalium

  • Frederick Barbarossa — noun Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope; drowned leading the Third Crusade (1123 1190) • Syn: ↑Frederick I, ↑Barbarossa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Holy Roman Emperor …   Useful english dictionary

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